My name is Aníbal Nicolás Saldías. I am a PhD Candidate in Political Science at the University of Toronto. My areas of research are Comparative Politics, Latin American Studies, and Comparative Labor Studies. Versión español aquí.
My doctoral research adds to the growing literature on trade union rejuvenation in Latin America. The thesis focuses on collective labor relations in Argentina and Uruguay during the 2000s. Starting in the mid-2000s, progressive governments implemented policies strengthening unions and tripartite collective bargaining. Progressive governments wanted to reduce inequality through wage policies. This policy framework also increased domestic demand and spurred economic growth. The demand-led growth path placed trade unions and collective bargaining at the center of a post-neoliberal political economy in the Southern Cone.
My project underscores that although there was policy and partisan convergence in the 2000s, labor relations diverged. Argentine labor relations became less institutionalized, as its labour code was questioned legally and politically. Uruguayan labor institutions were reinforced and strengthened by the passage of new laws between 2005-2009. To explain why Argentine labour relations is in crisis and Uruguay’s is not, I utilize comparative historical analysis. I show how the institutional legacies of labor incorporation during the 1940s interacted with democratization and neoliberal reform to generate the current state of labour relations in the region.
I conducted fieldwork in Argentina and Uruguay during 2015. I am currently in the process of writing my dissertation. I have presented my research at LASA 2016 (abstract), LASA 2017 (abstract), CPSA 2017 (abstract), and LASA 2018 (abstract).
I am currently a research assistant for the Argentina Project at the Latin American Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. I am the President and Cofounder of the Latin American Political Science Students Association (LAPSSA) at the University of Toronto. I am a member of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA) Labor Section’s Graduate Student Council (2016-2018). I am also a Graduate Affiliate at the University of Toronto’s Center for Critical Development Studies (CCDS).
I can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org,
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