My name is Aníbal Nicolás Saldías. I am a PhD Candidate in Political Science at the University of Toronto. My areas of research are Comparative Politics, Latin American Studies, and Comparative Labor Studies. Versión español aquí.
My doctoral research adds to the growing literature on trade union rejuvenation. In particular, I look at the rejuvenation of collective labor relations in Argentina and Uruguay. The growth of unions and collective bargaining in both countries in the mid-2000s make them outliers. Progressive governments implemented policies to strengthen unions and tripartite, sector-level collective bargaining. A goal was to facilitate a fairer distribution of income towards labor, which helped increase domestic demand. Thus, these policies placed trade unions and tripartism at the center of a post-neoliberal political economy in the Southern Cone.
Although there was policy convergence in the 2000s, labor relations diverged in an unexpected way. Argentine collective labor relations became less institutionalized. Meanwhile. Uruguayan collective labor institutions were reinforced and strengthened. Utilizing comparative historical analysis, I show how the legacies of labor incorporation during the 1940s interacted with other historical processes (e.g., democratization and neoliberal reform) to explain the variation in labor relations.
I conducted fieldwork in Argentina and Uruguay throughout 2015. I am currently in the process of writing my dissertation. I have presented my research at LASA 2016 (abstract), LASA 2017 (abstract), CPSA 2017 (abstract), and LASA 2018 (abstract).
I am also the President and Cofounder of the Latin American Political Science Students Association (LAPSSA) at the University of Toronto. More information on the organization can be found here. I am also a member of LASA’s Labor Section’s Graduate Student Council. In addition, I am a Graduate Affiliate at the University of Toronto’s Center for Critical Development Studies (CCDS).
I can be contacted at email@example.com,
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